Image files can have some metadata embedded into the image file format. These metadata can be stored in a number of standard formats as JPEG, TIFF, PNG, JPEG2000, PGF, and RAW files. Metadata can be read and written in the Exif, IPTC, and XMP formats if they are present in the file.
The Behavior tab allows you to select what information digiKam will write to the metadata and control how digiKam will deal with this embedded information.
If the Lazy Synchronization option is turned on, digiKam will only write metadata when user clicks on the Apply Pending Changes To Metadata icon in the status bar or when application is shutdown.
The Sidecars tab allows user to control whether digiKam will read and write from/to XMP sidecars or not. Filename for the sidecars set to
filename.ext.xmp. For example,
image1.dng will have a sidecar file named
If the box Read from sidecar files is checked, digiKam will only read the sidecar while ignoring the embedded metadata.
Show images/thumbnails rotated according to orientation tag: this will use any orientation information that your camera has included in the Exif information to automatically rotate your photographs so that they are the correct way up when displayed. It will not actually rotate the image file, only the display of the image on the screen. If you want to permanently rotate the image on file, you can click with the right mouse button on the thumbnail and select Auto-rotate/flip according to Exif orientation. The image will then be rotated on disk and the tag will be reset to “normal”. If your camera routinely gets this orientation information wrong you might like to switch this feature off.
Set orientation tag to normal after rotate/flip: the auto-rotate option automatically corrects the orientation of images taken with digital cameras that have an orientation sensor. The camera adds an orientation tag to the image’s Exif metadata. digiKam can read this tag to adjust the image accordingly. If you manually rotate an image, these metadata will be incorrect. This option will set the orientation tag to Normal after an adjustment, assuming that you rotated it to the correct orientation. Switch this off if you don’t want digiKam to make changes to the orientation tag, when you rotate or flip the image.
These settings allows to customize the metadata contents displayed in Exif, Makernotes, IPTC, XMP, and ExifTool viewers from the right sidebar. For more details see this section from the manual.
ExifTool is a backend engine that digiKam can use to process operations on metadata, as view, read, and write. This panel only show the detection of the ExifTool binary program, and the supported formats with the respective read and write features.
To replace the Exiv2 backend by ExifTool with all read and write metadata operations, see the Metadata Behavior section of this manual.
Baloo is the file indexing and file search framework for KDE Plasma under Linux, with a focus on providing a very small memory footprint along with an extremely fast searching. Baloo is not an application, but a daemon to index files.
This page allows to share metadata stored in digiKam database with the Baloo search engine. Extra applications as KDE Dolphin file manager can use the Baloo interface to provide file search results with items managed by the digiKam database.
This page is only available under Linux, not Windows and macOS. The KDE Plasma Files Indexer feature must be enabled in the KDE Plasma control Panel.
The Advanced tab allows you to manage namespaces used by digiKam to store and retrieve tags, ratings and comments. This functionality is often used by advanced users to synchronize metadata between different software. Please leave the default settings if you are not sure what to do here.
The categories that you can manage with these advanced settings are:
Caption: all languages-alternative comments (supported by XMP only), else the simple comments values (Exif and IPTC).
Color Label: the color labels properties to apply on items in your workflow.
Rating: the stars properties to apply on items in your workflow.
Tags: the nested keywords hierarchy to apply on items in your workflow (supported by XMP only), else the simple flat list of keywords (Exif and IPTC).
Title: all languages-alternative titles (supported by XMP only), else the simple title values (Exif and IPTC).
For each category you can set the read and write behavior in metadata. The default settings is to Unify Read and Write operations, but if you disable this option, you can customize Read Options and Write Options independently.
On this example, the top Caption entry in the list is Xmp.dc.description, and it will be read by digiKam first. If it contains a valid value it will be used, otherwise the next entry named Xmp.exif.UserComment, etc. The entries list priority is high on the top and low on the bottom. The entry in the list are used only if item is enabled with the checkbox preceding the name.
With the buttons on the right side, you can customize the list:
Add: allows to add a new entry in the tags list.
Edit: allows to modify the current select entry in the list.
Delete: allows to remove the current select entry in the list.
Move up: allows to move the current select entry in the list to a higher priority.
Move Down: allows to move the current selected entry in the list to a lower priority.
Revert Changes: allows to revert last changes done on the list.
Save Profile: allows to save the current configuration to a Profile file.
Load Profile: allows to load a saved configuration from a Profile file.
Revert To Default: allows to reset the current list to the default values.
The Profile are simple ini-based text file used to store the advanced metadata settings to the disk. A profile can be loaded to overload the current configuration, depending of your workflow and the rules to apply for the best interoperability with other photo management programs. digiKam comes with a compatibility profile for DarkTable.
We recommend to always put XMP tags to the top priority on this list, as XMP has better features than IPC and Exif.
The Tags category provide an extra option named Read All Metadata For Tags to force operations on all the namespaces.